All changes are from June 2004 to November 2004:
The list shows a major shake-up of the TOP10
The new #1 is DOE's IBM BlueGene/L beta system currently assembled and tested at the IBM Rochester site with a Linpack performance of 70.72 TFlop/s. This system ,once completed, will be moved to the DOE's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
The Columbia system at NASA/Ames built by SGI gained the #2 spot, with an equally impressive 51.87 Tflop/s.
The Earth Simulator, built by NEC and which held the #1 spot for 5 lists, is now #3.
The #4 spot was captured by the new MareNostrum system at the Barcelona Supercomputer Center. It is an IBM BladeCenter JS20 based system with a Myrinet connection network and achieved 20.53 Tflop/s.
The "SuperMac" is also back. The upgraded X-System at Virginia Tech built using Apple's XServe boxes is at #7 now, with 12.25 Tflop/s performance.
The entry level for the TOP10 approaches 10 Tflop/s - only one system with less than 10-TFlop/s Linpack performance is in the TOP10.
The number of systems exceeding the 1 TFflop/s mark on the Linpack jumps from 242 to 398 and we expect that the next list in 6 months will only list systems exceeding 1 TFlop/s.
The last system on the list -- with 850 Gflop/s -- would have been listed at position 310 in the last TOP500 just six months ago. This exemplifies the continuous rapid turnover of the TOP500.
Total accumulated performance has for the first time exceeded the 1 Petaflop/s mark. It is now 1.127 PFlop/s, compared to 813 TFlop/s six months ago.
Entry level is now 850.6 Gflop/s, compared to 624.3 Gflop/s six months ago.
The entry point for the top 100 moved from 1.922 Tflop/s to 2.026 Tflop/s.
A total of 320 systems are now using Intel processors. Six months ago there were 287 Intel-based systems on the list and one year ago only 189.
The second most common processor family is the IBM Power processor (54 systems), ahead of PA Risc processors (48) and AMD processors (31).
296 systems are now labeled as clusters, making this the most common architecture in the TOP500.
At present, IBM and Hewlett-Packard sell the bulk of systems at all performance levels of the TOP500.
IBM remains the clear leader in the TOP500 list with 43.2% of systems and 49.3% of installed performance
HP is second with 34.6% of systems and 21% of performance.
No other manufacturer is able to capture more than 7% in any category.
A new geographical trend, which started a few years ago, now emerges more clearly. The number of system in Asian countries other than Japan is rising quite steadily. In this list Japan is listed with 30 systems and all other Asian countries combined have an additional 57 systems. However Europe is still ahead of Asia, with 127 systems installed.
17 of the systems in Asia are installed in China -- up from 9 systems one year ago.
The number of systems installed in the U.S. has also increased to 267 -- up from 247 one year ago.
|1||Titan - Cray XK7 , Opteron 6274 16C 2.200GHz, Cray Gemini interconnect, NVIDIA K20x|
|2||Sequoia - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom|
|3||K computer, SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Tofu interconnect|
|4||Mira - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom|
|5||JUQUEEN - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.600GHz, Custom Interconnect|
|6||SuperMUC - iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.70GHz, Infiniband FDR|
|7||Stampede - PowerEdge C8220, Xeon E5-2680 8C 2.700GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi|
|8||Tianhe-1A - NUDT YH MPP, Xeon X5670 6C 2.93 GHz, NVIDIA 2050|
|9||Fermi - BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60GHz, Custom|
|10||DARPA Trial Subset - Power 775, POWER7 8C 3.836GHz, Custom Interconnect|