TOP500 List - November 1996

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 CP-PACS/2048, Hitachi/Tsukuba
Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Japan
2,048 368.2 614.4
2 Numerical Wind Tunnel, Fujitsu
National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
167 229.0 281.3 498
3 SR2201/1024, Hitachi
University of Tokyo
Japan
1,024 220.4 307.2
4 XP/S140, Intel
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
3,680 143.4 184.0
5 XP/S-MP 150, Intel
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
3,072 127.1 154.0
6 XP/S-MP 125, Intel
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
2,502 103.5 125.1
7 T3D MC1024-8, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
1,024 100.5 153.6
8 VPP500/80, Fujitsu
National Lab. for High Energy Physics
Japan
80 98.9 128.0
9 VPP700/56, Fujitsu
Kyushu University
Japan
56 94.3 123.2
10 VPP700/46, Fujitsu
ECMWF
United Kingdom
46 94.3 101.2
11 T3E, Cray/HPE
ERDC DSRC
United States
256 93.2 153.6
12 T3E, Cray/HPE
IDRIS
France
256 93.2 153.6
13 T3E, Cray/HPE
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
256 93.2 153.6
14 SP2/512, IBM
Cornell Theory Center
United States
512 88.4 136.2
15 SP2/512, IBM
IBM
United States
512 88.4 136.2
16 SP2/384, IBM
Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
384 66.3 102.1
17 SX-4/32, NEC
HWW/Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
32 60.6 64.0
18 SX-4/32, NEC
NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
32 60.6 64.0
19 SX-4/32, NEC
Osaka University
Japan
32 60.6 64.0
20 SX-4/32, NEC
Osaka University
Japan
32 60.6 64.0
21 CM-5/1056, Thinking Machines Corporation
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
1,056 59.7 135.2
22 VPP500/42, Fujitsu
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
42 54.5 67.2
23 VPP500/42, Fujitsu
Nagoya University
Japan
42 54.5 67.2
24 T3E, Cray/HPE
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
136 53.1 81.6
25 CM-5/896, Thinking Machines Corporation
Minnesota Supercomputer Center
United States
896 52.3 114.7
26 VPP500/40, Fujitsu
National Institute of Genetics
Japan
40 52.0 64.0
27 VPP500/40, Fujitsu
University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
40 52.0 64.0
28 T3D MC512-8, Cray/HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
512 50.8 76.8
29 T3D MC512-8, Cray/HPE
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
512 50.8 76.8
30 T3D MC512-8, Cray/HPE
Network Computing Services, Inc.
United States
512 50.8 76.8
31 T3D MC512-8, Cray/HPE
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
512 50.8 76.8
32 T3D MC512-8, Cray/HPE
University of Edinburgh
United Kingdom
512 50.8 76.8
33 T3E, Cray/HPE
DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
128 50.4 76.8
34 T3E, Cray/HPE
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
128 50.4 76.8
35 T3E, Cray/HPE
United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
128 50.4 76.8
36 T3E, Cray/HPE
Universitaet Stuttgart
Germany
128 50.4 76.8
37 SP2/256, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
256 44.2 68.1
38 SP2/256, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
256 44.2 68.1
39 VPP500/32, Fujitsu
The Angstrom Technology Partnership
Japan
32 42.4 51.2
40 VPP500/30, Fujitsu
University of Tsukuba
Japan
30 39.8 48.0
41 SX-4/20, NEC
Japan Marine Science and Technology
Japan
20 38.2 40.0
42 SX-4/20, NEC
National Research Institute for Metals
Japan
20 38.2 40.0
43 SX-4/20, NEC
Toyota Central Research & Development
Japan
20 38.2 40.0
44 VPP500/28, Fujitsu
Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)
Japan
28 37.2 44.8
45 SP2/208, IBM
DOE/SC/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
United States
208 36.5 55.3
46 VPP300/16, Fujitsu
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
16 34.1 35.2
47 XP/S-MP 41, Intel
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
816 33.7 40.8
48 SX-4/16, NEC
Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
16 30.7 32.0
49 SX-4/16, NEC
National Aerospace Laboratory (NLR)
Netherlands
16 30.7 32.0
50 SX-4/16, NEC
National Cardiovascular Center
Japan
16 30.7 32.0
51 SX-4/16, NEC
Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
16 30.7 32.0
52 CM-5/512, Thinking Machines Corporation
NCSA
United States
512 30.4 65.5
53 CM-5/512, Thinking Machines Corporation
National Security Agency
United States
512 30.4 65.5
54 T932/321024, Cray/HPE
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT)
Japan
32 29.4 57.6
55 SP2/160, IBM
NASA/Ames Research Center/NAS
United States
160 28.7 42.6
56 S-3800/480, Hitachi
Hitachi Ltd. Enterprise Server Division
Japan
4 28.4 32.0
57 S-3800/480, Hitachi
Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
4 28.4 32.0
58 S-3800/480, Hitachi
University of Tokyo
Japan
4 28.4 32.0
59 VPP300/13, Fujitsu
Australian National University
Australia
13 27.7 28.6
60 T3D MC256-8/464, Cray/HPE
Bear Stearns
United States
256 25.3 38.4
61 T3D SC256-8/264, Cray/HPE
Caltech/JPL
United States
256 25.3 38.4
62 T3D MC256-8, Cray/HPE
Defense Research Agency (DRA)
United Kingdom
256 25.3 38.4
63 T3D MC256-8, Cray/HPE
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Switzerland
256 25.3 38.4
64 T3D SC256-8/464, Cray/HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
256 25.3 38.4
65 T3D SC256-8/364, Cray/HPE
NERSC/LLNL
United States
256 25.3 38.4
66 T3D MC256-8, Cray/HPE
Petroleum Company (A)
United States
256 25.3 38.4
67 T3D SC256-8/464, Cray/HPE
ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum fuer Informationstechnik
Germany
256 25.3 38.4
68 T3E, Cray/HPE
CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
64 25.1 38.4
69 T3E, Cray/HPE
Cray Research
United States
64 25.1 38.4
70 T3E, Cray/HPE
Manufacturer (G)
United States
64 25.1 38.4
71 T3E, Cray/HPE
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norway
64 25.1 38.4
72 T3E, Cray/HPE
Technical University Delft (TUD)
Netherlands
64 25.1 38.4
73 SX-3/44R, NEC
Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
4 23.2 25.6
74 SX-3/44R, NEC
Tohoku University
Japan
4 23.2 25.6
75 T932/20512, Cray/HPE
NOAA/Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL)
United States
20 23.1 36.0
76 VPP500/16, Fujitsu
Reactor & Nuclear Fuel Development
Japan
16 21.7 25.6
77 S-3800/380, Hitachi
Hokkaido University
Japan
3 21.6 24.0
78 S-3800/380, Hitachi
Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR)
Japan
3 21.6 24.0
79 VPP300/10, Fujitsu/SNI
Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe
Germany
10 21.4 22.0
80 SP2/110, IBM
KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
Sweden
110 20.4 29.2
81 VPP500/15, Fujitsu
Kyoto University
Japan
15 20.3 24.0
82 SX-3/44, NEC
Atmospheric Environment Service (AES)
Canada
4 20.0 22.0
83 SP2/104, IBM
MCI Worldcom
United States
104 19.3 27.6
84 XP/S-MP 22, Intel
ETH Zuerich
Switzerland
450 18.7 22.5
85 POWER CHALLENGEarray, HPE
US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
96 18.4 28.8
86 SP2/98, IBM
Citicorp
United States
98 18.3 26.1
87 SP2 77 MHz wide, IBM
Scientific Supercomputing Center Karlsruhe
Germany
84 17.9 25.9
88 SX-3/34R, NEC
Institute for Molecular Science
Japan
3 17.4 19.2
89 SX-3/34R, NEC
VW (Volkswagen AG)
Germany
3 17.4 19.2
90 SP2 77 MHz wide, IBM
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
80 17.2 24.6
91 VPP300/8, Fujitsu
Nippon University
Japan
8 17.1 17.6
92 VPP300/8, Fujitsu/SNI
Universitaet Aachen/RWTH
Germany
8 17.1 17.6
93 SP2/85, IBM
NIH (National Institutes of Health)
United States
85 16.1 22.6
94 T3E, Cray/HPE
University of Texas
United States
40 15.6 24.0
95 POWER CHALLENGEarray, HPE
NCSA
United States
64 15.6 23.0
96 POWER CHALLENGEarray, HPE
Silicon Graphics
Switzerland
64 15.6 23.0
97 T916/12512, Cray/HPE
Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ)
Germany
12 15.4 21.6
98 SX-4/8, NEC
ATR Optical Communication Lab
Japan
8 15.3 16.0
99 SX-4/8, NEC
Danish Meteorological Institute
Denmark
8 15.3 16.0
100 SX-4/8, NEC
German Aerospace Laboratory (DLR)
Germany
8 15.3 16.0