TOP500 List - June 2002

Rmax and Rpeak values are in GFlops. For more details about other fields, check the TOP500 description.

Rpeak values are calculated using the advertised clock rate of the CPU. For the efficiency of the systems you should take into account the Turbo CPU clock rate where it applies.

Rank System Cores Rmax (GFlop/s) Rpeak (GFlop/s) Power (kW)
1 Earth-Simulator, NEC
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
Japan
5,120 35,860.0 40,960.0 3,200
2 ASCI White, SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
8,192 7,226.0 12,288.0
3 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
United States
3,016 4,463.0 6,032.0
4 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)
France
2,560 3,980.0 5,120.0
5 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
DOE/SC/LBNL/NERSC
United States
3,328 3,052.0 4,992.0
6 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
2,048 2,916.0 4,096.0
7 ASCI Red, Intel
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
9,632 2,379.0 3,207.0
8 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz, IBM
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
864 2,310.0 4,492.8
9 ASCI Blue-Pacific SST, IBM SP 604e, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
5,808 2,144.0 3,856.5
10 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz, IBM
IBM/US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
768 2,050.0 3,993.6
11 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
AWE
United Kingdom
1,920 1,910.0 2,880.0
12 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz, IBM
IBM/ECMWF
United States
704 1,849.0 3,660.8
13 SR8000/MPP, Hitachi
University of Tokyo
Japan
1,152 1,709.1 2,074.0
14 SR8000-F1/168, Hitachi
Leibniz Rechenzentrum
Germany
168 1,653.0 2,016.0
15 ASCI Blue Mountain, HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States
6,144 1,608.0 3,072.0
16 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Naval Oceanographic Office - NAVO DSRC
United States
1,336 1,417.0 2,004.0
17 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
1,280 1,293.0 1,920.0
18 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
United States
1,260 1,272.0 1,890.0
19 SX-5/128M8 3.2ns, NEC
Osaka University
Japan
128 1,192.0 1,280.0
20 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
NOAA R&D/ National Centers for Environmental Prediction
United States
1,104 1,179.0 1,656.0
21 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
NOAA R&D/ National Centers for Environmental Prediction
United States
1,104 1,179.0 1,656.0
22 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
1,900 1,166.0 2,280.0
23 T3E1200/900, Cray/HPE
ERDC DSRC
United States
1,792 1,166.0 1,999.0
24 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
1,088 1,100.0 1,632.0
25 SX-6/128M16, NEC
NEC Fuchu Plant
Japan
128 982.0 1,024.0
26 SP Power3 375 MHz 8 way, IBM
UCSD/San Diego Supercomputer Center
United States
1,152 929.0 1,728.0
27 SR8000-F1/100, Hitachi
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization /KEK
Japan
100 917.0 1,200.0
28 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
US Army HPC Research Center at NCS
United States
1,084 892.0 1,300.8
29 VPP5000/100, Fujitsu
ECMWF
United Kingdom
100 886.0 960.0
30 SR8000/128, Hitachi
University of Tokyo
Japan
128 873.0 1,024.0
31 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
Maui High-Performance Computing Center (MHPCC)
United States
812 837.0 1,218.0
32 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
CINECA
Italy
512 826.5 2,662.4
33 pSeries 690 1.1GHz GigEth, IBM
CSC (Center for Scientific Computing)
Finland
512 826.5 2,253.0
34 pSeries 690 1.1GHz GigEth, IBM
Florida State University
United States
512 826.5 2,253.0
35 HELICS AMD 1.4 GHz - Myrinet, MEGWARE
Universitaet Heidelberg - IWR
Germany
512 825.0 1,433.6
36 T3E900, Cray/HPE
Government
United States
1,324 815.0 1,191.6
37 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
512 809.0 1,024.0
38 emerald - AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
ERDC DSRC
United States
512 809.0 1,024.0
39 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
512 809.0 1,024.0
40 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Charles Schwab
United States
768 795.0 1,152.0
41 SR8000-G1/64, Hitachi
Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University (IMR)
Japan
64 790.7 921.6
42 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
National Computational Infrastructure (NCI Australia)
Australia
480 772.0 960.0
43 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
North Carolina Supercomputing Center (NCSC)
United States
720 741.0 1,080.0
44 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz, IBM
IBM
United States
256 736.6 1,331.2
45 VPP5000/80, Fujitsu
University of Tsukuba
Japan
80 730.0 768.0
46 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
United States
704 723.0 1,056.0
47 Presto III Athlon 1.6 GHz, Self-made
GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Japan
480 716.1 1,536.0
48 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
HLRN at Universitaet Hannover / RRZN
Germany
384 708.0 1,996.8
49 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
HLRN at ZIB/Konrad Zuse-Zentrum Berlin
Germany
384 708.0 1,996.8
50 CPlant/Ross Cluster, Self-made
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
1,369 706.7 1,275.9
51 SR8000-E1/80, Hitachi
Japan Meteorological Agency
Japan
80 691.3 768.0
52 ORIGIN 2000 250 MHz, HPE
Los Alamos National Laboratory/ACL
United States
2,048 690.9 1,024.0
53 Titan Cluster Itanium 800 MHz, IBM
NCSA
United States
320 677.9 1,024.0
54 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
CSAR at the University of Manchester
United Kingdom
812 671.0 974.4
55 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Deutscher Wetterdienst
Germany
812 671.0 974.4
56 Magi Cluster PIII 933 MHz, NEC
CBRC - Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST
Japan
1,040 654.0 970.0
57 SCore IIIe/PIII 933 MHz, Self-made
Real World Computing (RWCP)/Tsukuba Research Center
Japan
1,024 618.3 955.4
58 Netfinity Cluster PIII 1 GHz - Myrinet, IBM
NCSA
United States
1,024 594.0 1,024.0
59 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth, IBM
IDRIS
France
256 590.2 1,331.2
60 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth, IBM
National Center for High Performance Computing
Taiwan
256 590.2 1,331.2
61 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth, IBM
Swiss Scientific Computing Center (CSCS)
Switzerland
256 590.2 1,331.2
62 SR8000-F1/60, Hitachi
University of Tokyo/Institute for Solid State Physics
Japan
60 577.0 720.0
63 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3 GHz, GigEth, IBM
COLSA
United States
240 564.0 1,248.0
64 MVS1000M EV67 667 MHz, Self-made
Joint Supercomputer Center
Russia
768 564.0 1,024.0
65 VPP5000/64, Fujitsu
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Japan
64 563.0 614.4
66 VPP5000/64, Fujitsu
Kyushu University
Japan
64 563.0 614.4
67 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
Sprint PCS
United States
528 561.0 792.0
68 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC)
Singapore
224 555.3 1,164.8
69 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
Manufacturer (G)
United States
224 555.3 1,164.8
70 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
United States
520 554.0 780.0
71 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
528 553.0 792.0
72 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Deutsche Telekom AG
Germany
528 553.0 792.0
73 T3E900, Cray/HPE
United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
876 552.0 788.4
74 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
State Farm
United States
520 546.0 780.0
75 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
Saudi Aramco
Saudi Arabia
512 546.0 768.0
76 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
US Army Research Laboratory (ARL)
United States
512 546.0 768.0
77 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Pharmaceutical Company
Germany
510 536.0 765.0
78 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Indiana University
United States
508 534.0 762.0
79 Precision 530 Cluster P4 XEON 2.0 GHz, Dell EMC
Sandia National Laboratories
United States
256 526.0 1,024.0
80 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
United Kingdom Meteorological Office
United Kingdom
636 526.0 763.2
81 T3E, Cray/HPE
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
United States
1,356 525.0 813.6
82 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft MPI/IPP
Germany
208 513.0 1,081.6
83 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
State Farm
United States
488 512.0 732.0
84 AlphaServer SC45, 1 GHz, HPE
Air Force Research Laboratory
United States
324 512.0 648.0
85 AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67, HPE
Hewlett-Packard
United States
512 507.6 682.7
86 AlphaServer SC ES40/EV67, HPE
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
512 507.6 682.7
87 SX-6/64M8, NEC
DKRZ - Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum
Germany
64 495.2 512.0
88 SX-6/64M8, NEC
National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan
Japan
64 495.2 512.0
89 SX-6/64M8, NEC
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Japan
64 495.2 512.0
90 SP Power3 375 MHz, IBM
Centre Informatique National (CINES)
France
472 494.0 708.0
91 VPP5000/56, Fujitsu
Nagoya University
Japan
56 492.0 537.6
92 VPP800/63, Fujitsu
Kyoto University
Japan
63 482.0 504.0
93 AMD 1.66 GHz - SCI 3D-torus, Self-made
HPC2N - Umea University
Sweden
240 481.0 800.0
94 SP Power3 375 MHz 16 way, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
448 480.0 672.0
95 pSeries 690 Turbo 1.3GHz GigEth, IBM
EDS/ Adam Opel AG
Germany
192 472.0 998.4
96 SuperDome 750 MHz/HyperFabric, HPE
Hewlett-Packard
United States
256 470.9 768.0
97 ASCI Blue-Pacific CTR, IBM SP 604e, IBM
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
United States
1,344 468.2 892.4
98 SuperDome 750 MHz/HyperPlex, HPE
Hewlett-Packard
United States
256 449.4 768.0
99 SR8000/64, Hitachi
Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center - TACC/AIST
Japan
64 449.0 512.0
100 T3E1200, Cray/HPE
Cray Inc.
United States
540 447.0 648.0